Jute, Seagrass, Coir & Sisal - Naturally...
 

Pure...

Silky, rustic, fragrant, or lustrous, plant fibre floorcoverings feel as good as they look.  From humble beginnings as coconut husks, plant or grasses, coir, jute, seagrass and sisal have been transformed into an irresistible selection of floorcoverings that will enhance your home and seduce your senses.

 

 

Jute 

 

 Jute is a bast fibre which comes from the inner bark of plants of the genus Cochorous.  The plant is a herbaceous  annual which flourishes in hot damp regions of Asia. The main producing countries are Bangladesh and India.   The  plant grows to a height of over 3m with a stalk diameter of 3cm.

 After harvesting, usually by cutting with a hand sickle, the stalks are retted by being steeped in a sluggish moving stream  of water until the fibre can easily be removed from the stalk.  In recent years a considerable amount of research has  been carried out on mechanical techniques in retting tanks.
 
 The removed strands of fibre, up to 2m long, are washed and dried in the sun and then baled and sent to the spinning  mills where they are spun into yarns for use in a variety of products including floorcoverings.  Jute has a silky lustre and  varies in colour in a wide range of natural shades.

 

 

 

 

Seagrass 

As its name implies seagrass is a grass which is grown in China and Vietnam in paddy-like fields. During the growing cycle the paddy fields are flooded with sea water.  After harvesting, seagrass is dried and converted into a yarn which is suitable for weaving into a variety of designs.  The product is then backed with a latex compound to produce a hard-wearing natural floorcovering.

 

 

 

Coir

Coir (Cocos nucifera) fibre is obtained from the husk of the nut which is the fruit of the coconut plant. The fibre is removed from the husk either by hand or mechanical processes.  In the former, the coconut husks are softened in water and then pounded with stones to remove the woody portions, after which the fibres are hackled with a steel comb and dried.  

 

 In the mechanical system, the husks are quartered and placed in large water tanks to soften the husks.

 They are then passed through a breaker which crushes them before passing them into the next machine, the drum,  where the woody part is torn out by a series of spikes leaving the long coarse fibres. 

 The fibres are then washed, cleaned and dried and hackled before being spun into a yarn suitable for use in a variety of  products including floorcovering.

 

 

Sisal 

Sisal is a leaf fibre obtained from the plant Agave Sisalana, of which there are many varieties. The plant is grown in a number of countries including East Africa, Brazil and China.

The fibres are removed from the leaf by a process of decortication after which they are washed, dried and graded before being spun into a yarn suitable for use in a variety of end-uses, including floorcoverings.